Missiles III

APR-3E (courtesy of HF, LXDF)

An APR-3E aerial torpedo was just released from a PLAN Ka-28 ASW helicopter's internal bomb bay. A number of APR-3E light ASW acoustic homing torpedos were imported in mid-2000 from Russia as part of the Ka-28 ASW helicopter's weapon package. APR-3E has become the most powerful air-launched ASW weapon in PLAN's arsenal. Some specifications: speed>56kt, range>3km, diameter 350mm, length 3,685mm, weight 525kg, warhead 74kg. Once entering water the torpedo is guided by an acoustic homing seeker (sonar) and is propelled by a pump-jet propulsion unit with a solid-propellant charge and a gas generator. The sonar has a range of 1.5-2km. APR-3E can engage a target at a max speed of 43kt and a max depth of 800m.
- Last Updated 10/15/10


It was first rumored in 2011 that 607 Institute was developing the next generation of active radar homing LRAAM dubbed PL-15 which is comparable to American AIM-120D. The missile was later identified as a PL-12 variant (PL-15?) which might have evolved from the earlier PL-12C design. PL-12G features redesigned stabilizing fins and tail control fins with smaller wingspans in order to fit into the internal weapon bay of J-20. The missile also has a new a dual pulse rocket motor which extends its range to 200km. Its two-way datalink and a new active/passive dual mode AESA seeker onboard will give it an excellent ECCM capability against severe jamming. A PL-15 prototype was first seen underneath the wing of a J-11B in 2012. In 2013 PL-15 was first seen inside J-20's main internal weapon bay during its weapon integration tests.  It was reported by US intelligence that PL-12G was successfully test-fired in 2015. The latest image (November 2016) suggested that PL-15G can also be carried by the J-10B/C series.
- Last Updated 11/27/16


The latest images (November 2016) indicated a new large VLRAAM is under development and its designation is unknown. Compared to PL-12, it has 4 tail control fins only (coupled with TVC?) and is significantly longer and thicker than PL-12 (length 5.7m, diameter 300mm). Its large size suggests the missile actually belongs to a new class of VLRAAM and not a PL-12 replacement. As the result it cannot be carried internally by the 4th generation fighters such as J-20 but is expected to be carried externally by 3.5th generation long-range fighters/interceptors such as J-11D and J-16. However it may still be carried externally by J-20 underneath its wings. The missile appears to be propelled by a dual pulse rocket motor in favor of a ramjet engine, which has a smaller drag and a slimmer size. It is also speculated to fly a semi-ballistic trajectory similar to American AIM-54 in order to achieve an extra long range (range>300km, speed>Mach 4, cruising altitude 30km). PL-15 is believed to feature an advanced guidance system including a two-way datalink and a new active/passive dual mode AESA seeker with enhanced ECCM capability. Before the launch the missile must obtain the target information via datalink from an AWACS, a land-based long-range radar or even a satellite. The launch aircraft disengages right after releasing the missile. After the initial ascent stage, the missile may use Beidou/GPS+INS+datalink guidance during the mid-course cruising stage. At the terminal diving stage, in combination with the AESA seeker, it may also use an IIR seeker as indicated by a small optical window in its nose, which further increases its kill probability amid severe jamming. Therefore this VLRAAM could pose a serious threat to high-value aerial targets deep behind the enemy line such as AWACS and tankers, and currently is the only type in this class. It was rumored in November 2016  that a PL-15 was test-fired successfully from a J-16.
- Last Updated 11/23/16


This new type of LGB (LS-100J?) was first revealed during a visit of the academicians of Chinese Academy of Engineering to the PLAAF Test & Training Base in June 2012, when the missile was seen carried by the JH-7A #815 prototype. LS-X appears relatively small in size with 4 small forward control fins and 4 large tail stabilizing fins. The middle section appears to be a 100kg bomb unit and the tail section could carry a small solid rocket motor. Overall LS-X appears similar to French AASM bomb kits. Like AASM, multiple of LS-Xes could be carried by JH-7A strike aircraft due to its relatively small size and light weight. There was a speculation that it could be a TG100 LGB which was unveiled later that year at the 2012 Zhuhai Airshow but this has not been confirmed. The latest image (November 2014) suggested another new 250kg LGB (LS-250J/GB-3/TG250?) featuring a proportional navigation seeker has been tested onboard a Q-5L as well.
- Last Updated 11/24/14

YJ-83KH is an improved version of YJ-83K AShM with the radar seeker replaced by an IIR seeker (H: infrared). As the result YJ-83KH is less susceptible to normal IRCM such as flare or smoke, and has a good all-weather capability. Furthermore the missile has been speculated to have a limited land-attack capability against fixed high-value  targets. Overall the missile resembles Japanese ASM-2 AshM. It is thought that the launch of YJ-83KH could be either fire-and-forget or having man-in-the-loop guidance at the terminal stage to achieve pinpoint accuracy. A blade datalink antenna can be seen on top of the forward missile body. A new datalink pod is carried by the aircraft for over-the-horizon attack. Like YJ-83K, up to 4 YJ-83KH can be carried by the naval JH-7As and H-6Gs. Its export version is called CM-802AKG, which is claimed to have a stand-off capability against fixed land targets. CM-802AKG carries a 285kg warhead and has a range of 230km. The latest images (April 2017) indicated that YJ-83KH is currently in service with PLAN South Sea Fleet, which could be used against foreign military facilities on the Spratly Islands in South China Sea.
- Last Updated 4/13/17


This supersonic standoff missile was first on display at the 2012 Zhuhai Airshow as part of FC-1/JF-17's "complete" weapon package. Unlike most modern ASMs flying at the low altitude, the missile flies a rare high ballistic trajectory, powered by a solid rocket motor. It appears that CM-400AKG may have evolved from the earlier SY-400 SRBM. Therefore the effectiveness of such attack profile is still unknown. Some specifications: weight 900kg, max range 240km, max speed Mach 5.5 (at diving stage?). It has INS during the mid-course and utilizes active radar/passive radar/IIR seeker with target-recognition capabilities at the terminal stage, which may improve its accuracy. The missile is claimed to be capable of terminal maneuver of some degree to avoid interception by SAMs. CM-400AKG is speculated to have been designed to attack fixed or "slow moving", high value ground targets. Up to two CM-400AKGs can be carried by an FC-1/JF-17. A small yellow dorsal antenna was installed probably to provide the datalink between the missile and the aircraft. It has yet to see if CM-400AGK will enter the service with PAF. The latest image (July 2016) suggested that the program is still making progress with JF-17 seen undergoing more weapon integration tests, possibly to meet the requirement of a new customer.
- Last Updated 7/11/16

Kh-29T (courtesy of kjlzywz, 8430, mp5kpdw)

Similar to American AGM-65B Maverick, this TV guided short-range AGM entered the service with PLAAF in 2002 as part of the Su-30MKK weapon's package. The missile weighs 685kg and carries a 320kg HE warhead. Its length is 3.9m and diameter is 0.38m. Its range is 12km and speed is 900-1,260km/hr. It is powered by a solid rocket engine. The missile can lock on a fixed target indicated by the weapon control officer before launch and can be fire-and-forget. However like TV guided Kh-59ME, the usage of Kh-29T is only limited to daylight under clear weather conditions.
- Last Updated 3/15/13


YJ-12 is first of the new generation of supersonic long-range AshMs which just entered the service with PLAN. A model of a mysterious supersonic ASM similar to French ASMP was first unveiled at the 2006 Zhuhai Airshow underneath the wing of a JH-7. However the initial speculation of a twin side air intake design as the possible configuration of YJ-12 turned out to be false. Developed by HAIG,  YJ-12 appears bigger than Russian Kh-31 but smaller than Kh-41. It features an integrated liquid fuel ramjet engine with a solid rocket booster. Four long narrow air intakes are attached to the body in an "X" arrangement. The missile is thought to have a cruise speed of Mach 2.5-3.5 and a range of 150-300km, depending on its cruising altitude. It typically flies a low-high-low profile. After launched from the carrier, it first climbs and cruises at a relatively high altitude before diving to a sea-skimming level at terminal stage and performs large-scale maneuvers to avoid interception. Compared to the earlier YJ-83, YJ-12 is thought to carry a large warhead (300kg?) capable of inducing substantial damage to large surface ships including aircraft carrier. YJ-12 was believed to have been test-fired from modified H-6G prototypes between 2009 and 2010 and currently is in service with PLAN H-6G (x2). The missile is expected to be carried by PLAN JH-7B (x2) and possibly J-15/15S (x1). YJ-12 was officially unveiled during the 2015 VJ Day Parade in Beijing.
- Last Updated 7/9/16


This lightweight AShM just entered the service with PLAN as part of the weapon package of Z-9D. Up to 4 missiles can be carried by Z-9D at a time. YJ-9 may have evolved from the earlier TL-10B developed by Hongdu. YJ-9 is a light, radar-guided anti-ship missile used against smaller FACs and gun boats (<1,000t). Its range is 15km, speed is Mach 0.8, weight is 105kg, and its warhead weighs 30kg. Besides Z-9D, YJ-9 is expected to be carried by the new Z-18F ASW helicopter as well. Its export version is dubbed YJ-9E. The missile has three versions depending on the guidance: YJ-9E (radar), YJ-9EA (TV) and YJ-9EB (semi-active laser). Recent news (September 2016) suggested that Zambian AF has ordered some YJ-9E ASM for its newly acquired L-15AFT aircraft.
- Last Updated 11/7/16